Population Census is the process of collecting, compiling, analysing and disseminating demographic, social, cultural and economic data relating to all persons in the country, at a particular time after every ten years’ interval. As per census 2011 the data highlights in repect of state Haryana are as under:

Highlights of Census 2011
A. Population of Haryana
Population(Male) 13,494,734
Population(Female) 11,856,728

The population of Haryana during last decade increased from 2, 11, 44,564 to 2, 53, 51,462 as per 2011 Census. A total of 42,06,898 persons were added during last decades in Haryana thus registering a decadal growth of 19.9% against 17.7% increase in whole of the country.
With this increase, urban population of Haryana increased from 28.9 per cent in 2001 to 34.9 per cent during 2011 as compared to 31.2% increase in the entire country.

B. Density of population

Density of population of Haryana state increased from 478 persons per square kilometre during 2001 to 573 persons per square kilometre in 2011.

C. Sex-ratio of Haryana

The sex-ratio of Haryana state increased from 861 to 879 as per 2011 census (gain of 18 points) with increase from 866 in rural areas to 882 (gain of 16 points) and in urban from 847 to 873 (gain of 26 points).
Highest sex ratio has been reported in Mewat (907) followed by Fatehabad (902) and Rewari (898). Lowest sex ratio reported in Gurgaon (854), Sonipat (856) and Jhajjar (862).
Highest improvement has been recorded in Panchkula from 823 to 873 (50 points), Faridabad from 826 to 873 (47 points), Panipat from 829 to 864 (35 points); Sex ratio increased in all the districts except Mahendragarh and Rewari.

C. Population in the age group 0-6 as per 2011 census
Total Child Population (0-6 Age)3,380,721
Male Population (0-6 Age) 1,843,109
Female Population (0-6 Age) 1,537,612

The proportion of Child population in the age group 0-6 decreased from 15.8 to 13.3 in 2011. In the rural areas, it decreased from 16.5 per cent to 13.8 per cent. In urban areas percentage share decreased from 14.0 during 2001 to 12.0 in 2011.
The sex ratio of child population in the age group 0-6 improved during Census 2011 from 819 to 834 (gain of 15). In rural areas, it increased from 823 to 835 (gain if 12 points) and in urban areas from 808 to 832 (gain of 24).
During last decade, the highest gain of 47 points has been registered in Kurukshetra district from 771 to 818, followed by Sirsa from 817 to 862 (45 points) and Panchkula 829 to 863 (34 points). Maximum fall has been reported in Mahendragarh from 818 to 775 (-43 points) and in Rewari from 811 to 787(-24 points).

E. Literacy Rate in Haryana
Literacy Rate 75.55 %

The literacy rate has improved from 67.9 per cent in 2001 to 75.6 per cent in 2011. In rural areas, literacy rate increased from 63.2 per cent to 71.4 per cent and in urban areas from 79.2 per cent to 83.1 per cent. The overall literacy rate of India is 73% with 67.8 per cent in rural and 84.1 per cent in urban areas.
Maximum literacy has been recorded in Gurgaon district (84.7 per cent) followed byPanchkula 81.9%, Ambala 81.7%. Minimum literacy rate have been recorded in Mewat 54.1%, Fatehabad 67.9% and Sirsa 68.8%.
Female literacy registered an overall increase of 10.2 per cent i.e.from 55.7 to 65.9 in 2011. In rural areas, it increased from 49.3 per cent to 60.0 per cent and in urban areas from 71.3 per cent to 76.9 per cent in 2011.

F. The Scheduled caste population

The percentage share of scheduled caste population in Haryana increased from 19.3 per cent to 20.2 per centin Census 2011. In rural areas, it increased from 21.4 per cent to 22.5 percent in 2011 and in urban decreased from 14.4 %, to 15.8 %.
Maximum scheduled caste population was recorded in the Fatehabad district (30.2%), followed by Sirsa 29.9 %, Ambala 26.3 %. Minimum share of scheduled caste population reported in Mewat 6.9 %, Faridabad 12.4 %,and Gurgaon 13.1 %.
There is no Schedule Tribe population [ST] in Haryana.

G. Workers Population

The percentage share of total workers to total population of Haryana decreased from 39.6 in 2001 to 35.2 in 2011. In rural areas, it decreased from 42.9 to 36.4 . However, in urban areas, it increased from 31.5 per cent to 32.9 per cent.

H. Religions

According to the 2011 census of the total 25351462 population of Haryana, Hindus numbering 22171128 constitute 87.5% of the whole population of the state followed by 1781342 numbers of Muslims [7%] and 1243752 of Sikhs [Approx. 5%] being the largest minorities. Haryana has the second largest Sikh population in India after Punjab which resides mostly in Sirsa,Jind, Jind, Fatehabad, Kaithal, Kurukshetra, Ambala and Panchkula which are districts adjoining Punjab.

I. Languages

Hindi was the sole official language of Haryana until 2010 and it is spoken by the majority of the population. Haryana has 70% rural population which primarily speaks Haryanvi dialect of Hindi, as well as other related dialects, such as Bagri and Mewati. Significant minority languages spoken in Haryana are Punjabi , Urdu ,Bengali and Nepali . Punjabi is the second official language of Haryana for government and administrative purposes declared recently the Government of Haryana.

The percentage of Scheduled Languages like Hindi,Punjabi and Urdu is 88%, 9.5% and 1.5 % respectively in Haryana as per Census 2011. The distribution of Scheduled Language as per Census 2011 in Haryana is as below-

Sr.No Language Number of Person
1 Hindi 22322157
2 Punjabi 2400883
3 Urdu 374353
4 Bengali 70948
5 Nepali 19914